There is a desert in northern Kenœya where you can find lions living in solitude instead of in prides.
Shivani Bhalla, founder of an organization that promotes coexistence between humans and wildlife called Ewaso lions, moved to the Samburu region in Kenya in 2002, only to end up surprised about not seeing prides of lions. In fact, this is the only place in the world where you can see lions leading perfectly nice lives without a pride to back them up.
As she learned from the local people, there are around 50 lions living in the area but they don’t stick together. “Everyone keeps labeling lions as the only social cat, but they’re not really social here,” Bhalla tells National Geographic. Her research about the lions has been published in her Ph.D. dissertation.
Some of the reasons not to form prides include not having to share food, and there’s definitely no abundance of it in Samburu. Also, the lions living there would have a hard time maintaining a defined territory as everything is patched up among protected areas and community areas. Surprisingly, the arrangement these animals came up with is actually the best they could hope for.